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International Journal of Architecture and Engineering

Coastal transformation processes of a tourism support town in the Caribbean
The Coastal Zone represents an area of economic, social, environmental and political interest that allows the development of various activities that form a source of income for the coastal towns, it is estimated that more than half of the world population lives in a coastal zone. The Mexican Caribbean is characterized by a sectioned approach to its coastal management, however, it has made significant progress in promoting sustainable management. This article identifies the processes of transformation of the coastal zone from the point of view of the local population. This is achieved through: A) identifying and interviewing local actors; B) analysis of networks that allows the identification of links in a situation of social vulnerability, as well as recognizes its history and its various processes of appropriation; C) the revision of primary sources that recognizes the key moments of transformation of the tourism support town and its coastal zone. Finally, as a result, the local founders of the support town are identified, the retrospective cohorts (social, political, tourism and environmental) and the processes of transformation of the coastal zone with predominance of use in economic activity. Thus, it is possible to understand that Akumal, in the Mexican Caribbean, is a tourism support town with disarticulation in the coastal management, with a vision of the struggle between the economic and the environmental factor, strong conflicts that put at risk the sustainable coastal development.
pagine: 19-26
DOI: 10.4399/97888255254653
data pubblicazione: Luglio 2019
editore: Aracne