Michael D. Willard
Elgin, 28/07/1952
Texas A&M University
Department of Veterinary Small Animal Clinical Sciences

Michael D. WillardPROFESSIONAL EXPERIENCE AND ACADEMIC APPOINTMENTS:1975-1977 Internship and Masters program in Small Animal Medicine, Kansas State University. Advisor: Dr. N.V. Anderson1977-1980 Residency in Small Animal Medicine, Michigan State University. Advisor: Dr. W.D. Schall1980-1981 Assistant Professor, Small Animal Clinical Sciences, Michigan State University.1981-1984 Assistant Professor, Small Animal Medicine, Mississippi State University.1984-1985 Associate Professor, Small Animal Medicine, Mississippi State University.1985-1988 Associate Professor, Small Animal Clinical Sciences, Michigan State University. (Tenure granted, July 1, 1987)1988-present Professor (tenured), Small Animal Medicine and Surgery, Texas A&M University.1988 Member of Graduate Faculty, Texas A&M University.2003-2005 Consult on a montly basis at private referral practice in San AntonioCLINICAL SPECIALTY/BOARD CERTIFICATION: Board-Certified ACVIM, Specialty of Internal Medicine, 1981.AWARDS AND HONORS:Dean's Pegasus Award for Achievement in the Academic Program, Mississippi State University (1983)SCAVMA, Class of 1987 Teacher of the Year Award, Michigan State University (1987)Norden Teaching Award, Michigan State University (1987)Commencement Speaker for College of Veterinary Medicine, Michigan State University (June, 1988).Clinical Referral and Consultation Award from the Texas Academy of Veterinary Practice (1990).Norden Teaching Award, Texas A&M University (1990). TVMA Teaching Award, Texas A&M University (1990).College Level Distinguished Teaching Award, Texas A&M University (1993).Norden Teaching Award, Texas A&M University (1994). National Norden Teaching Award (1994). University Level Distinguished Teaching Award, Texas A&M University (1995).Wiley Teaching Professorship, Texas A&M University (1996-1999).National SAVMA Award for Teaching Excellence in Clinical Sciences (1997). Veterinary Teaching Hospital Clinical Service Award, Texas A&M University (1997).Clinical Referral and Consultation Award from the Texas Academy of Veterinary Practice (2000). Veterinary Teaching Hospital Clinical Service Award, Texas A&M University (2002).Innovative Veterinary Diets Award, given at American Animal Hospital Association meeting in Tampa, Florida, (March 20, 2004). College Level Distinguished Teaching Award, Texas A&M University (2007). University Level Distinguished Teaching Award, Texas A&M University (2008).EDITORIAL BOARDS: Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association (1988 to 2006) American Journal of Veterinary Research (1989-1992) Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery (2006 to present) Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine (2006 to present)PROFESSIONAL SERVICE: Board-Certified ACVIM, Specialty of Internal Medicine, Member 1981-Present. Specialty of Internal Medicine, Secretary-Treasurer, 1985-89. American Animal Hospital Association, Member 1975-2000 and 2001-Present. Faculty representative for student chapter, 1990-1999. Comparative Gastroenterology Society, Member 1976-Present. Board of Directors, 1986-1988. Editor of Newsletter, 1987-1990. President, 1988-1990.BIBLIOGRAPHY:M.D. Willard, J.E. Cook, L.S. Rodkey, A.D. Dayton, and N.V. Anderson: Morphologic Evaluation of IgM Cells of the Canine Small Intestines by Fluorescence Microscopy. Am J Vet Res, 39(9):1502-1505, 1978.C.L. Chen, M.S.A. Kumar, M.D. Willard, and T.F. Liao: Serum Hydrocortisone (Cortisol) Values in Normal and Adrenopathic Dogs as Determined by Radioimmunoassay. Am J Vet Res, 39(1):179-181, 1978.M.D. Willard, H. Tvedten, R. Walshaw, and E. Aronson: Thymoma in a Cat. J Am Vet Med Assoc, 176(5):451-453, 1980.M.D. Willard and G.E. Eyster: Double Chambered Right Ventricle in Two Dogs. J Am Vet Med Assoc, 178(5):486-488, 1981.M.D. Willard and E. Aronson: Unusual Peritoneopericardial Diaphragmatic Hernia in a Cat. J Am Vet Med Assoc, 178(5):481-483, 1981.M.D. Willard, J.D. Krehbiel, G.M. Schmidt, and P. Lowrie: Serum and Urine Protein Abnormalities Associated with Lymphocytic Leukemia and Glomerulonephritis in a Dog. J Am Anim Hosp Assoc, 17(3):381-386, 1981.M.D. Willard and R.W. Leid: Non-Uniform Horizontal and Vertical Distribution of IgA-cells in Canine Intestines. Am J Vet Res, 42(9):1573-1580, 1981.M.D. Willard, W.D. Schall, D. McCaw, and R.F. Nachreiner: Canine Hypoadrenocorticism: Report of 37 cases and Review of 39 Previously Reported Cases. J Am Vet Med Assoc, 180(1):59-62, 1982.M.D. Willard and S. Levin: Bilateral Atrial Endocarditis and Myocarditis in a Dog. J Am Anim Hosp Assoc, 18(2):341-345, 1982.M.D. Willard and A. deLahunta: An Unusual Case of Microgliomatosis in a Standard Schnauzer Dog. The Cornell Veterinarian, 72:211-219, 1982.M.D. Willard, W.D. Schall, R.F. Nachreiner, and D. Shelton: Iatrogenic Hypoadrenocorticism caused by op'DDD Therapy for Canine Cushings Syndrome. J Am Vet Med Assoc, 180(6):638-641, 1982.M.D. Willard, R. Bull, and P. Coffman: Isolation of Viable Canine Intestinal Lymphocytes. Am J Vet Res, 43(3):471-474, 1982.M.D. Willard, J.F. Williams, H. Stowe, and C. Kutil: Number & Distribution of IgM-Cells and IgA-Cells in the Colonic tissue of Conditioned Sex and Breed Matched Dogs. Am J Vet Res, 43(4):688-692, 1982.D.J. Weiss, S.L. Stockham, M.D. Willard, and R. Schirmer: Transient Erythroid Hypoplasia in the Dog: Report of Five Cases. J Am Anim Hosp Assoc, 18(2):353-359, 1982.M.D. Willard, J. Burns, D. Jennings, and A. Cawley: Progressive Oropharyngeal Dysfunction in a Dog. J Am Vet Med Assoc, 183(9):1009-1011, 1983.M.D. Willard, R.L. Toal, and A. Cawley: Gastric Complications Associated with Correction of Chronic Diaphragmatic Hernia in Two Dogs. J Am Vet Med Assoc, 184(9):1151-1153, 1984.M.D. Willard: Some Newer Approaches to the Treatment of Vomiting. J Am Vet Med Assoc, 184(5):590-592, 1984. (review)M.D. Willard: Newer Concepts in Treatment of Secretory Diarrhea. J Am Vet Med Assoc, 186(1):86-88, 1985. (review)M.D. Willard and J.D. Conroy: Chylothorax Associated with Blastomycosis in a Dog. J Am Vet Med Assoc, 186(1):72-73, 1985.M.D. Willard, J.B. Dalley, and A. Trapp: Lympho-Plasmacytic Enteritis in a Cat. J Am Vet Med Assoc, 186(2):181-182, 1985.N. Allison, M.D. Willard, J. Bentinck-Smith, and K. Davis: Nasal Rhinosporidiosis in Two Dogs. J Am Vet Med Assoc, 188(8):869-871, 1986.M.D. Willard, R. Nachreiner, R. McDonald, and P. Roudebush: Ketoconazole-Induced Changes in Selected Canine Hormone Concentrations. Am J Vet Res, 47(12):2504-2509, 1986.M.D. Willard, R.F. Nachreiner, V.C. Howard, and S.K. Fooshee: Effects of Long-Term Ketoconazole Administration on Selected Feline Variables. Am J Vet Res, 47(12):2510-2513, 1986.M.D. Willard, C.A. Zerbe, W.D. Schall, C. Johnson, S.E. Crow, and R. Jones: Severe Hypophosphatemia Associated with Diabetes Mellitus in 6 Dogs and 1 Cat. J Am Vet Med Assoc, 190(8):1007-1010, 1987.M.D. Willard, K. Refsal, and E. Thacker: Evaluation of Plasma Aldosterone Concentrations Before and After ACTH Administration in Clinically Normal Dogs and Dogs with Various Diseases. Am J Vet Res, 48(12):1713-1718, 1987.M.D. Willard, R.E. Roberts, N. Allison, R.B. Grieve, and K. Escher: Prevalence and Differential Diagnosis of Feline Lungworms and Heartworm Infection in a Humane Shelter. J Am Vet Med Assoc, 192(7):913-916, 1988.M.D. Willard, R.W. Dunstan, and J. Faulkner: Neuroendocrine Carcinoma of the Gallbladder of a Dog. J Am Vet Med Assoc, 192(7):926-928, 1988.M.Q. Bailey, M.D. Willard, M.A. McLoughlin, and C. Gaber: Ultrasonographic Findings in 3 Dogs with Congenital Hepatic Arteriovenous Fistula. J Am Vet Med Assoc, 192(8):1099-1101, 1988.M.D. Willard, T. Mullaney, S. Karasek, B. Yamini: Diarrhea Associated with Myenteric Ganglionitis in a Dog. J Am Vet Med Assoc, 193(3); 346-348, 1988.M.D. Willard, M.Q. Bailey, J. Hauptman, T. Mullaney: Obstructed Portal Venous Flow and Portal Vein Thrombus in a Dog. J Am Vet Med Assoc, 194(10):1449-1451, 1989.S.D. Forrester, D.M. Boothe, and M.D. Willard: Clinical Pharmacology of Antiemetic and Anti-Ulcer Drugs. Semin Vet Med Surg (Small Animal), 4(3):194-201, 1989. (review)S.R. Yanoff and M.D. Willard: Short Bowel Syndrome in Dogs and Cats. Semin Vet Med Surg (Small Animal), 4(3):226-231, 1989. (review)G.D. Shelton, M.D. Willard, G.H. Cardinet III, J. Lindstrom: Acquired Myasthenia Gravis: Selective Involvement of Esophageal, Pharyngeal, and Facial Muscles. J Vet Intern Med, 4:281-284, 1990.J. Dvorak, M.D. Willard, E. Floyd: Pan-fibrinonecrotic Colitis in a Dog Treated by Colectomy. J Am Vet Med Assoc, 198(2):264-266, 1991.M.D. Willard, T.W. Fossum, A. Torrance, A. Lippert: Hyponatremia and Hyperkalemia Associated with Spontaneous and Experimentally-Induced Chylothorax in the Dog. J Am Vet Med Assoc, 199(3):353-358, 1991.J.L. Peterson, M.D. Willard, G.E. Lees, M.R. Lappin, T. Dieringer, and E. Floyd: Toxoplasmosis in Two Cats with Inflammatory Bowel Disease. J Am Vet Med Assoc, 199(4):473-476, 1991.S.R. Yanoff, M.D. Willard, H.W. Boothe, M. Walker: Short-Bowel Syndrome in 4 Dogs. Vet Surg, 21(4):217-222, 1992.E. Zenger, W.N. Evering, M.D. Willard: Chronic Diarrhea Associated with Intestinal Anomalies in a 6-Year-Old Dog. J Am Vet Med Assoc, 201(11):1737-1740, 1992.M.D. Willard: Inflammatory Bowel Disease: Perspectives on Therapy. J Am Anim Hosp Assoc, 28(1):27-32, 1992. (review)M.D. Willard: Normal Immune Functions of the Gastrointestinal Tract. Semin Vet Med Surg (Small Animal), 7(2):107-111, 1992. (review)T.W. Fossum, W.W. Ruoff, K.E. Paprock, W.T. Rushton, M.D. Willard, R.H. Palmer: Identifying Clinical Teaching Patterns and Needs: An Exercise in Departmental Self-Awareness. J Vet Med Educ, 18(2):49-53, 1992.M.D. Willard, A.M. Wolf, R. Green: Duodenal Foreign Body Mimicking Acute Pancreatitis. J Am Anim Hosp Assoc, 29(4):351-354, 1993.K.J. Hurley, M.W. Miller, M.D. Willard, H.W. Boothe: Left Aortic Arch with a Right Ductus Arteriosus Causing Esophageal Obstruction in a Dog. J Am Vet Med Assoc, 203(3):410-412, 1993.M.D. Willard, R.B. Simpson, T.W. Fossum, N.D. Cohen, E.K. Delles, D. Kolp, D. Carey, G. Reinhart: Characterization of Naturally Developing Small Intestinal Bacterial Overgrowth in 16 German Shepherd Dogs. J Am Vet Med Assoc, 204(8):1201-1206, 1994.M.D. Willard, R.B. Simpson, E.K. Delles, N.D. Cohen, D. Kolp, T.W. Fossum, G. Reinhart: Effects of Dietary Supplementation of Fructo-oligosaccharides on Small Intestinal Bacterial Overgrowth in Dogs. Am J Vet Res, 55(5):654-659, 1994.E.K. Delles, M.D. Willard, R.B. Simpson, T.W. Fossum, M.R. Slater, D. Kolp, G.E. Lees, R. Helman, G. Reinhart: Comparison of Species and Numbers of Bacteria in Concurrent Cultured Samples of Proximal Small Intestinal Fluid and Endoscopically Obtained Duodenal Mucosa in Dogs with Intestinal Bacterial Overgrowth. Am J Vet Res, 55(7):957-964, 1994.M.D. Willard, E.K. Delles, T.W. Fossum: Iatrogenic Tears Associated with Ballooning of Esophageal Strictures. J Am Anim Hosp Assoc, 30(5):431-435, 1994.W.P. Farrar, J.F. Edwards, M.D. Willard: Pathology in a Dog Associated with Elevated Tissue Mercury Concentrations. Am J Vet Diag Invest, 6:511-514, 1994.R.D. Hodges, A.M. Legendre, L.G. Adams, M.D. Willard, R.P. Pitts, K. Monce, C.C. Needels, H. Ward: Itraconazole for the Treatment of Histoplasmosis in Cats. J Vet Intern Med, 8:409-413, 1994.J.F. Edwards, T.W. Fossum, M.D. Willard, N.D. Cohen, W.B. Patterson IV, D.P. Carey: Changes in the Intestinal Mucosal Cell Populations of German Shepherd Dogs Fed Diets Containing Different Protein Sources. Am J Vet Res, 56(3):340-348, 1995.T.B. Hackett, D.R. VanPelt, M.D. Willard, L.G. Martin, G.D. Shelton, W. Wingfield: Third Degree Atrioventricular Nodal Block Associated with Acquired Myasthenia Gravis in Four Dogs. J Am Vet Med Assoc, 206(8):1173-1176, 1995.T.W. Fossum, D.A. Rohn, M.D. Willard: Presumptive, Iatrogenic Gastric Outflow Obstruction associated with Prior Gastric Surgery. J Am Animal Hosp Assoc, 31(5):391-395, 1995.M.L. Wasmer, M.D. Willard, R.G. Helman, J.F. Edwards: Food Intolerance Mimicking Alimentary Lymphosarcoma. J Am Anim Hosp Assoc, 31(6):463-466, 1995.C.W. Dewey, G.D. Shelton, C.S. Bailey, M.D. Willard, M. Podell, R.L. Collins: Neuromuscular Dysfunction in Five Dogs With Acquired Myasthenia Gravis and Presumptive Hypothyroidism. Progress in Veterinary Neurology, 6 (4):117-123, 1995.S.N. LeGrange, D.M. Boothe, S. Herndon, M.D. Willard: Pharmacokinetics and Suggested Oral Dosing Regimen of Cisapride: A Study in Normal, Healthy Cats. J Am Anim Hosp Assoc, 33(6):517-523, 1997.J.H. Johnson, A.M. Wolf, J.M. Jensen, T. Fossum, D. Rohn, R.W. Green, M. D. Willard: Duodenal Perforation in a Cheetah (Acimonyx jubilatus). Zoo and Wildlife Medicine 28(4):481-484, 1997.M.D. Willard: Advances in Gastroenterology (Invited Editorial) Compendium of Continuing Education for the Veterinary Practitioner, 19(3):262-263, 1997. (review)S.K. Theisen, S.N. LeGrange, S.E. Johnson, R.G. Sherding, M.D. Willard: Physaloptera Infection in Eighteen Dogs with Intermittent Vomiting. J Am Anim Hosp Assoc, 34(1):74-78, 1998.L.D. Melendez, D.C. Twedt, E.A. Weyrauch, M.D. Willard: Conservative Therapy using Balloon Dilatation for Intramural, Inflammatory Esophageal Strictures in Dogs and Cats: A Retrospective Study of 23 Cases (1987-1997). European Journal of Comparative Gastroenterology, 3(1):31-36, 1998.M.D. Willard, B. Berridge, A. Braniecki, D. Bouley: Possible Antibiotic Associated Colitis in a Dog. J Am Vet Med Assoc 213(12):1775-1779, 1998.E.A. Weyrauch, M.D. Willard: Esophagitis and Benign Esophageal Strictures. Compendium of Continuing Education for the Veterinary Practitioner, 20(2):203-212, 1998. (review)M.D. Willard: Feline Inflammatory Bowel Disease: A Review. Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery 1:155-164, 1999. (review)M.D. Willard, D. Bouley: Cryptosporidiosis, Coccidiosis, and Total Colonic Mucosal Collapse in an Immunosuppressed Puppy. J Am Anim Hosp Assoc 35(5):405-409, 1999.K.L. Mealey, M.D. Willard, L.A. Nagode, R.G. Helman: Hypercalcemia Associated with Granulomatous Disease in a Cat. J Am Vet Med Assoc 215(7):959-962, 1999.M.D. Willard, M.A. Radlinsky: Endoscopic Examination of the Posterior Nares: 118 Cases (1988-1998). J Am Vet Med Assoc 215(9):1301-1305, 1999M.D. Willard, B.R. Weeks, M. Johnson: Fine-Needle Aspirate Cytology Suggesting Hepatic Lipidosis in Four Cats with Infiltrative Hepatic Disease J Fel Med Surg 1(4):215-220, 1999.M.D. Willard, R.G. Helman, J.M. Fradkin, T. Becker, R.M. Brown, B.C. Lewis, B.R. Weeks: Intestinal Crypt Lesions Associated with Protein-Losing Enteropathy in the Dog. J Vet Intern Med 14:298-307, 2000. M.D. Willard, R.B. Simpson, N. Cohen, J.S. Clancy: Effects of Dietary Fructooligosaccharide on Selected Bacterial Populations in Feces of Dogs. Am J Vet Res 61(7):820-825, 2000.M.D. Willard: Diarrhea, Diet and Diagnostics.(Invited Editorial) J Vet Intern Med 15:5-6, 2001. (review)M.D. Willard, S.L. Lovering, N. Cohen, B.R. Weeks: Quality of Tissue Specimens Obtained Endoscopically from the Duodenum of Dogs and Cats. J Am Vet Med Assoc 219(4):474-479, 2001.M.D. Willard, A.E. Jergens, R.B. Duncan, M.S. Leib, M. McCracken, R.C. DeNovo, R.G. Helman, M.R. Slater, J.L. Harbison: Interobserver Variation Among Histopathologic Evaluations of Intestinal Tissues of Dogs and Cats. J Am Vet Med Assoc 220(8):1177-1182, 2002.M.S. Davis, B. McKiernan, S. McCullough, S. Nelson, Jr, R.E. Mandsager, M.D. Willard, K. Dorsey: Racing Alaskan Sled Dogs as a Model of “Ski Asthma”. American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine 166:878-882, 2002.M.D.Willard, E. Zenger, J.L. Mansell: Protein-losing Enteropathy Associated with CysticMucoid Changes in the Intestinal Crypts of Two Dogs. J Am Anim Hosp Assoc 39:187-191,2003. M.S. Davis, M.D. Willard, S.L. Nelson, S.M. McCullough, R.E. Mandsager, J. Roberts, M.E. Payton: Efficiency of Omeprazole for the Prevention of Exercise-Induced Gastritis in Racing Alaskan Sled Dogs. J Vet Intern Med 17:163-166, 2003.M.S. Davis, M.D. Willard, S.L. Nelson, S.M. McCullough, R.E. Mandsager, B.S. McKiernan, J.K. Mansell, T.W.Lehenbauer: Prevalence of Gastric Lesions in Racing Alaskan Sled Dogs J Vet Intern Med 17:311-314, 2003.E. Breitschwerdt, K. Blann, M. Stebbins, K. Munana, M. Davidson, H. Jackson, M. Willard: Clinicopathologic Abnormalities and Treatment Response in 24 Dogs Seroreactive to Bartonella vinsonii (berkhoffi) antigens. J Am Anim Hosp Assoc 40:92-101, 2004.M.S. Davis, M.D. Willard, K. Williamson, J. Steiner, D. Williams: Sustained Strenuous Exercise Increases Intestinal Permeability in Racing Alaskan Sled Dogs. J Vet Intern Med 19:34-39, 2005. C.M. Royer, M.D. Willard, K. Williams, J.M. Steiner, D.A. Williams, M.S. Davis: Exercise stress, intestinal permeability, and gastric ulceration in racing Alaskan sled dogs. Equine and Comparative Exercise Physiology 2(1):53-59, 2005.E. McKenzie, T. Holbrook, K. Williamson, S. Valberg, K. Hinchcliff, E. Jose-cunilleras, S. Nelson, M. Willard, M. Davis: Recovery of muscle glycogen concentrations in sled dogs during prolonged exercise. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise 37(8):1307-1312, 2005.L. Durocher, K. Hinchcliff, K. Williamson, E. McKenzie, T. Holbrook, M. Willard, C. Royer, and M. Davis: Lack of microalbuminuria in sled dogs following exercise. Equine and Comparative Exercise Physiology 3(1):1-2, 2006.M.S. Davis, M.D. Willard, K. Williamson, C. Royer, M. Payton, J. Steiner, K. Hinchcliff, E. McKenzie, and S. Nelson: Temporal Relationship Between Gastrointestinal Protein Loss, Gastric Ulceration or Erosion, and Strenuous Exercise in Racing Alaskan Sled Dogs. J Vet Intern Med 20:835-839, 2006.L. Durocher, K. Hinchcliff, K. Williamson, E. McKenzie, T. Holbrook, M. Willard, C. Royer, and M. Davis: Effect of strenuous exercise on urine concentrations of homovanillic acid, cortisol, and vanillymandelic acid in sled dogs. Am J Vet Res 68:107-111, 2007.E. McKenzie, E. Jose-Cunilleras, K. Hinchcliff, T. Holbrook, C. Royer, M. Payton, K. Williamson, S. Nelson, M. Willard, M. Davis: Serum chemistry alterations in Alaskan Sled dogs during five successive days of prolonged endurance exercise. J Am Vet Med Assoc 230:1486-1492, 2007. K.K. Williamson, M.D. Willard, E.C. McKenzie, C.M. Royer, M.E. Payton, M.S. Davis: Efficacy of Famotidine for the Prevention of Exercise-Induced Gastritis in Racing Alaskan Sled Dogs. J Vet Intern Med 21:924-927, 2007.M.J. Day, T. Bilzer, J. Mansell, B. Wilcock, G. Guilford, E.J. Hall, A. Jergens, T. Minami, M. Willard, R. Washabau: Histopathologic Standards for the Diagnosis of Gastrointestinal Inflammation in Endoscopic Biopsies From the Dog and Cat: A Report from the World Small Animal Veterinary Association Gastrointestinal Standardization Group. J Comp Path, 137:S1-S43, 2008. (Mentioned in Vet Path 45:599, 2008 as “Noteworthy”)M.D.Willard, J. Mansell, G.T. Fosgate, M. Gualtieri, D. Olivero, P. Lecoindre, D.C. Twedt, M.G. Collett, M.J. Day, E.J. Hall, A.E. Jergens, J.W. Simpson, R.W. Else, R.J. Washabau: Effect of Sample Quality Upon the Sensitivity of Endoscopic Biopsy for Detecting Gastric and Duodenal Lesions in Dogs and Cats. J Vet Intern Med, 22: 1084-1089, 2008. (Mentioned in Vet Path 45:955-956, 2008 as “Noteworthy”)C.C. Farnsworth, J.D. Herman, J. Ostenstock, B. Porterpan, M. Willard, N. Hooper, A. Roussel, D. Schmitz, K Dorau, D. Kochevar: Assessment of Clinical Reasoning Skills in Veterinary Students Prior to and After the Clinical Year of Training. J Am Vet Med Assoc, 233:879-882, 2008. J.M. Steiner, S.R. Teague, G.E. Lees, M.D. Willard, D.A. Williams, C.R. Ruaux: Stability of canine pancreatic lipase immunoreactivity concentration in serum samples and effect of long-term administration of prednisone to dogs on serum canine pancreatic lipase immunoreactivity concentrations. Am J Vet Res, 70(8):1001-1005, 2009. R.J. Washabau, M.J. Day, M.D. Willard, E.J. Hall, A.E. Jergens, J. Mansell, T. Minami, T.W. Bilzer: 2009 ACVIM Consensus Statement: Endoscopic, Biopsy, and Histopathologic Guidelines for the Evaluation of Gastrointestinal Inflammation in Companion Animals. J Vet Intern Med, 24(1): 10-26, 2010. Posted online ( http://www.acvim.org/websites/acvim/File/SAIM/ACVIM-SAConsensus-Statement-Draft-Final-2009.pdf) August 9, 2009. D. Casamain-Sorrosal, M.D. Willard, J.K. Murray, E.J. Hall, S.S. Taylor, M.J. Day: Comparison of histopathological findings in biopsies from the duodenum and ileum of dogs with enteropathy. J Vet Intern Med, 24(1): 80-83, 2010.M.D. Willard, G.E. Moore, B. Denton, M.J. Day, J. Mansell, T Bilzer, B Wilcock, M. Gualtieri, D. Olivero, P. Lecoindre, D. Twedt, M. Collett, E. Hall, A. Jergens, J. Simpson, R. Else, R. Washabau: Effect of tissue processing on assessment of endoscopic intestinal biopsies in dogs and cats. J Vet Intern Med, 24(1): 84-89, 2010.K.K. Williamson, M.D. Willard, M.E. Payton, M.S. Davis: Efficacy of Omeprazole versus High Dose Famotidine for Prevention of Exercise-Induced Gastritis in Racing Alaskan Sled Dogs. J Vet Intern Med, 24(2): 285-288, 2010. M.M. Mertens, T.W. Fossum, M.D. Willard, G.T. Fosgate, A.G de la Paz, M.W. Miller: Diagnosis of Congenital Portosystemic Shunts in Miniature Schnauzers Seven Years Old or Older. J Am Anim Hosp Assoc, 46: 235-240, 2010. Chapters:M.D. Willard and W.D. Schall: APUDomas. Current Veterinary Therapy VIII, edited by Kirk, pp. 771-773, 1983.M.D. Willard: Treatment of Hyperkalemia. Current Veterinary Therapy IX, edited by Kirk, pp. 94-101, 1986.M.D. Willard, B. Sugarman, and R.D. Walker: Gastrointestinal Zoonoses. Veterinary Clinics of North America, 17(1):145-178, 1987.M.D. Willard: Disorders of Potassium Homeostasis. Veterinary Clinics of North America, 19(2):241-263, 1989. M.D. Willard: Treatment of Fungal and Endocrine Disorders with Imidazole Derivatives. Current Veterinary Therapy X, edited by Kirk, pp. 82-84, 1989.M.D. Willard: Chronic Intestinal Bacterial Overgrowth. Current Veterinary Therapy X, edited by Kirk, pp. 933-938, 1989.M.D. Willard, and R. Walshaw: Constipation, Dyschezia, Tenesmus in Textbook of Veterinary Internal Medicine, 3rd Edition, edited by Ettinger, pp. 36-40, 1989.M.D. Willard, H. Tvedten, G. Turnwald: Small Animal Clinical Diagnosis by Laboratory Methods. W.B. Saunders Co., 1989 (author Chapters 6,7,9,10; co-author Chapter 8, pp. 103-120, 121-153, 189-228, 229-242, and 154-188, respectively). Published in Spanish, 1993. Published in French, 1993. Published in Japanese, 1994. Published in Italian.M.D. Willard: Campylobacter and Salmonella Infections. Consultations in Feline Internal Medicine, edited by August, pp. 435-439, 1991.M.D. Willard: 7 Chapters on Gastrointestinal, Pancreatic and Hepatobiliary Disease in Small Animal Medicine, edited by Allen, pp. 467-570, 1991.M.D. Willard: Abdominal Pain, Distention, or Mass. Veterinary Gastroenterology, 2nd Edition, edited by Anderson, pp. 368-398, 1992.M.D. Willard: 7 Chapters on Gastrointestinal Disease. Essentials of Small Animal Internal Medicine, edited by Nelson and Couto pp. 257-365, 1992.M.D. Willard: Dysphagia and Swallowing Disorders. Current Veterinary Therapy XI, edited by Kirk and Bonagura, pp. 572-577, 1992.M.D. Willard, H. Tvedten, G. Turnwald: Small Animal Clinical Diagnosis by Laboratory Methods, 2nd edition. W.B. Saunders Co., 1994 (author Chapter 9, pp. 179-218; co-author Chapters 7, 8, and 10, pp. 115-146, 147-178, and 219-232, respectively).M.D. Willard: Disorders of the Stomach in Textbook of Veterinary Internal Medicine, 4th Edition, edited by Ettinger and Feldman, pp. 1143-1168, 1994.T.W. Fossum, M.D. Willard: Disorders of the Gall Bladder and Extrahepatic Biliary System in Textbook of Veterinary Internal Medicine, 4th Edition, edited by Ettinger and Feldman, pp. 1393-1398, 1994. M.D. Willard: Selected Bacterial Problems of the Alimentary Tract. Veterinary Annual, edited by Raw and Parkinson, pp. 96-106, 1995.M.D. Willard: Small Intestinal Bacterial Overgrowth. The 5-Minute Veterinary Consult, edited by Tilley and Smith, pp. 1062-1063, 1997; CD-ROM version, 1999.H.B. Seim III, M. D. Willard: Postoperative Care of the Surgical Patient. Small Animal Surgery, edited by Fossum, pp. 64-85, 1997.M.D. Willard: Gastrointestinal Drugs. Veterinary Clinics of North America, 28(2):377-394, 1998.M.D. Willard: 7 Chapters on Gastrointestinal Disease. Small Animal Internal Medicine, 2nd edition, edited by Nelson & Couto, pp. 346-474, 1998; plus pp. 206-300 in associated handbook.M.D. Willard: Colonoscopy. Small Animal Endoscopy, 2nd edition, edited by Tams, pp. 217-245, 1998.M.D. Willard, H Tvedten, G. Turnwald: Small Animal Clinical Diagnosis by Laboratory Methods, 3rd edition. W.B. Saunders, 1999 (author Chapter 9, pp.172-207; and “Introduction to Serum Chemistries”, pp. 90-92; co-author Chapter 6, pp. 93-107; Chapter 7, pp.108-135; and Chapter 8, pp.136-171). Translated into Spanish, 2001. Translated into Russian, 2004.M.D. Willard, E. A. Weyrauch: Esophagitis. Current Veterinary Therapy XIII, edited by Kirk and Bonagura, pp. 607-610, 1999.M.D. Willard, Theresa Fossum: Disorders of the Gallbladder and Extrahepatic Biliary System. Textbook of Veterinary Internal Medicine, edited by Ettinger and Feldman, 5th edition, pp. 1340-1344, 1999.A.E. Jergens, M.D. Willard: Disorders of the Colon. Textbook of Veterinary Internal Medicine, edited by Ettinger and Feldman, 5th edition, pp. 1238-1256, 1999.M.D. Willard: “Gastrointestinal Food Allergies” and “Megaesophagus”. Client Information Series. Textbook of Veterinary Internal Medicine, edited by Ettinger and Feldman, 5th edition, p. 1942 and p. 1946, 1999.M.D. Willard, S.P. DiBartola: Disorders of Phosphorus: Hypophosphatemia and Hyperphosphatemia. Fluid Therapy in Small Animal Practice, edited by DiBartola, 2nd edition, pp. 163-174, 2000.M.D. Willard: Hypoalbuminemia. Schalm’s Hematology 5th edition, pp. 937-940, 2000.M.D. Willard: Fluids, Electrolytes, and Acid-Base Therapy. Small Animal Clinical Pharmacology & Therapeutics, edited by Boothe, pp. 75-96, 2000.M.D. Willard: Small Intestinal Bacterial Overgrowth. The 5-Minute Veterinary Consult 2nd edition, edited by Tilley and Smith, pp. 1200-1201, 2000; plus CD-ROM version.E. Carsten, M.D. Willard: Gastrointestinal Lymphoma and Inflammatory Bowel Disease. Consultations in Feline Internal Medicine, edited by August, 4th edition, pp. 499-505, 2001.M.D. Willard: Colonoscopy, Proctoscopy, and Ileoscopy. Veterinary Clinics of North America 31(4): 657-669, 2001.M.D.Willard: 5 Chapters on Endoscopy plus 1 chapter on Postoperative Care of The Surgical Patient. Small Animal Surgery, 2nd edition, edited by Fossum, pp 103-133 and 69-92, 2002.M.D. Willard: 7 Chapters on Gastrointestinal Disease. Small Animal Internal Medicine, edited by Nelson & Couto, 3rd edition, pp 343-471, 2003.R. Sellon, M.D. Willard: Esophagitis and Esophageal Strictures. Veterinary Clinics of North America. 33:945-967, 2003.P.B. Peterson, M.D. Willard: Protein-losing Enteropathies. Veterinary Clinics of North America. 33:1061-1082, 2003.J. Mansell, M.D. Willard: Biopsy of the Gastrointestinal Tract. Veterinary Clincis of North America. 33:1099-1116, 2003.M.D. Willard, H Tvedten: Small Animal Clinical Diagnosis by Laboratory Methods, 4th edition. W. B. Saunders, 2004 (author chapter 9 [pp 208-246]; coauthor chapters 6 [pp 117-134], 7 [pp 135-164], 8 [pp 165-207], 12 [pp 296-305], and appendix I [pp 406-416}). Translated into Italian, 2005; Translated into Spanish, 2005. Translated into German, 2005.M.D. Willard: Inflammatory Canine Hepatopathies. Textbook of Veterinary Internal Medicine, edited by Ettinger and Feldman, 6th edition. Elsevier/Saunders, pp 1442-1447, 2005.M.D. Willard and T. Fossum: Diseases of the Gall Bladder and Extrahepatic Biliary System. Textbook of Veterinary Internal Medicine, edited by Ettinger and Feldman, 6th edition. Elseveir/Saunders Co. pp 1478-1482, 2005.M.D. Willard: Gastrointestinal Food Allergies and Megaesophagus. Client Information Series. Textbook of Veterinary Internal Medicine, edited by Ettinger and Feldman, 6th edition. Elsevier/Saunders Co. On CD in book, 2005.M.D. Willard: Gastrointestinal Haemorrhage. BSAVA Manual of Canine and Feline Gastroenterology, 2nd edition, edited by Hall, Simpson, and Williams. British Small Animal Veterinary Association, pp 91-93, 2005.M.D.Willard: Esophagitis and Esophageal Strictures. Consultations in Feline Medicine, edited by August, 5th edition. Elsevier/Saunders Co. pp 81-87, 2005.M.D.Willard and S.L. Marks: Bacterial Causes of Enteritis and Colitis. Consultations in Feline Medicine, edited by August, 5th edition. Elsevier/Saunders Co. pp 39-44, 2005.S.L. Marks, and M.D. Willard: Diarrhea in Kittens. Consultations in Feline Medicine, edited by August, 5th edition. Elsevier/Saunders Co. pp 133-143, 2005.S.P. DiBartola and M.D. Willard: Disorders of Phosphorus: Hypophosphatemia and Hyperphosphatemia in Fluid Therapy in Small Animal Practice, edited by DiBartola, 3rd edition. Elsevier/Saunders Co. pp 195-209, 2005.M.D. Willard: “Megaesophagus”, pp 691-693; “Esophageal Foreign Body”, pp 402-403; “Esophageal diverticulum”, pp 359-360, Clinical Veterinary Advisor, edited by Cote. Mosby-Elsevier, 2007.M.D.Willard: Chapter 10 “Surgical Infections and Antibiotic Selection”, Chapter 11 “Postoperative Care of the Surgical Patient”, Chapter 14 “Principles of Minimally Invasive Surgery”, pp 79-89, 90-110, 146-157, Small Animal Surgery, 3rd edition, edited by Fossum, Mosby Elsevier, 2007.M.D. Willard: “Gastrointestinal protectants”, “Anti-emetics”, Saunders Manual of Critical Care Medicine for Dogs and Cats edited by Silverstein and Hopper, Saunders-Elsevier, pages 775-777 and 778-780, 2008.M.D. Willard: Therapeutic Approach to Chronic Electrolyte Disorders, Veterinary Clinics of North America, 38:535-51, 2008.M.D.Willard: Endoscopy. Small Animal Gastroenterology, edited by Steiner, Sclutersche Verlagsgesellschaft, pages 72-89, 2008.M.D. Willard, E. A. Carsten: Esophagitis. Current Veterinary Therapy XIV, edited by Kirk and Bonagura, Saunders-Elsevier, pages 482-486, 2008.M.D. Willard: 7 Chapters on Gastrointestinal Disease. Small Animal Internal Medicine, 4th edition, edited by Nelson & Couto, Mosby, pp 351-483, 2008.M.D. Willard: “General principals for performing endoscopic procedures” “Esophagogastroduodenoscopy”, “Rectal scraping and cytology”, Blackwell’s Five-Minute Veterinary Consult: Diagnostic Procedures and Laboratory Tests, edited by Vaden, Knoll, Tilly, and Smith, Wiley-Balckwell, pp xxxv-xxxvii, 260-262, 516-517, 2009.M.D. Willard: “Diarrhea”, “Inflammatory Hepatic Disease of Dogs”, Textbook of Veterinary Internal Medicine, edited by Ettinger and Feldman, 7th edition. Elsevier/Saunders Co. pp 201-203, 1637-1642, 2010.M.D. Willard: “Short Bowel Syndrome”, Mechanisms of Disease in Small Animal Surgery, edited by J. Bojrab and E. Monnet, 3rd edition. Teton NewMedia, Jackson, Wyoming, pp 196-199, 2010.M.D.Willard: “Entéropathies exsudatives (Protein-losing enteropathies)”, Gastroentérologie du Chien et du Chat, edited by P. Lecoindre, F Gaschen and E Monnet E, Les Editions du Point Vétérinaire, Rueil-Malmaison, France, pp 299-305, 2010.A. Jergens, M.D. Willard, M.J. Day: “Endoscopic Biopsy Collection and Histopathologic Considerations” in Small Animal Endoscopy, 3rd edition, edited by Tams and Rawlings, Elsevier/Mosby Co. pp 293-309, 2010.M.D. Willard: “Megaesophagus” (pp 709-711), “Foreign Body, Esophageal” (pp 406-407), “Esophageal diverticulum” (p 362), and “Esophagitis” (pp 367-369), Clinical Veterinary Advisor, 2nd edition edited by Cote. Mosby-Elsevier, 2010.M.D. Willard: “Pancreatitis” (pp 519-525), “Vomiting/Hematemesis” (pp 841-849), Blackwell’s Five-Minute Veterinary Consult Clinical Companion: Canine and Feline Emergency and Critical Care, edited by Elisa Mazzaferro, Wiley-Blackwell, 2010.M.D. Willard: “Sistema Gastrointestinal” (pp 89-100), Cao Sem Segredos, edited by Luis Montenegro and Rui Mota, Chiado Editora, 2011.M.D.Willard and J. Mansell: Correlating Clinical Activity and Histopathological Assessment of Gastrointestinal Lesion Severity: Current Challenges. Veterinary Clinics of North America, 41: 457-463, 2011.
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